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Legal news in Ukraine: Treaty on friendship with Russia will be suspended in April, Constitutional Court’ decision on judges’ salaries, the Council approved new Laws, procedure of gender examination of legislation was approved

08.12.2018 / 09:30
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  Legal news in Ukraine: Treaty on friendship with Russia will be suspended in April, Constitutional Court’ decision on judges’ salaries, the Council approved new Laws, procedure of gender examination of legislation was approved

People’s deputies stopped the treaty of friendship with Russia

The Verkhovna Rada adopted the Law «On the Termination of the Treaty on Friendship, Cooperation and Partnership between Ukraine and the Russian Federation».

Such a decision was made in view of the armed aggression of the Russian Federation against Ukraine, which substantially violates the document.

The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine decided to terminate the Agreement from April 1, 2019.

According to the Law, the termination of the Treaty on Friendship, cooperation and partnership between Ukraine and the Russian Federation relieves Ukraine of any obligation to implement it and does not affect the rights, obligations or legal position of Ukraine arising from the implementation of the said Treaty to terminate its action, in accordance with article 70 of the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties.

It should be noted that the Treaty was made on May 31, 1997 in Kyiv and ratified by the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine on January 14, 1998.

The Constitutional Court declared unconstitutional deprivation of judges extra payments

The Constitutional Court of Ukraine upheld the decision in the case on the submission by the Supreme Court of Ukraine of the constitutionality of the provisions of parts three and ten of Article 133 of the Law of Ukraine «On the Judiciary and Status of Judge» (No. 2453), as amended by the Law of Ukraine «On Enforcement of the Right to a Fair Court» (No. 192).

Part 3 of Article 133 stipulates that the salary of a judge of a local court shall be set at the rate of 10 minimum wages.
Part 10 – that a judge who does not administer justice (except for temporary incapacity for work, stay of a judge on annual paid leave) is not entitled to receive additional payments to the salary.

The CCU found unconstitutional the provisions of paragraph 3. This provision is to be applied in its original version, namely: «The salary of a local court judge shall be set at the rate of 15 minimum wages established by law, which shall be implemented in stages: from January 1, 2011 – 6 minimum wages ; from January 1, 2012 – 8 minimum wages; from January 1, 2013 – 10 minimum wages; from January 1, 2014 – 12 minimum wages; from January 1, 2015 – 15 minimum wages».

Also, it has been established that part 10 of the article also does not comply with the Constitution.

Thus, the controversial provisions contradict the provisions of the first and second parts of Article 126 of the Constitution of Ukraine: «The independence and integrity of the judge are guaranteed by the Constitution and laws of Ukraine» and «the influence on the judge in any way is prohibited».

Parliament has amended the Judicial System Law on Judicial Qualification

On December 6, 2018, the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine adopted the Law «On Amendments to the Tax Code of Ukraine and Certain Other Legislative Acts of Ukraine on Improving the Administration and Revision of the Rates of Individual Taxes and Duties» (Reg. No. 9260), which details the provisions of Article 84 of the Law «On judicial system and the status of judges.

Article 84 (conducting a qualification assessment) is supplemented with a new part:

«A judge who participated in a competition for vacancy of a judge of the appellate court, a high specialized court or a Supreme Court, but was not recommended for the position on the basis of the results of the competition, from the date of the results’ determination is considered to have successfully passed the qualification assessment (confirmed the ability to administer justice in the appropriate court):

1) in the case of the High Qualification Commission of the judge of Ukraine’ decision that confirms its ability to administer justice in the relevant court on the basis of the contest’ results;

2) in the absence of the decision provided for in paragraph 1, in the case of a successful passing of the qualification assessment and the absence of the High Qualifications Commission of the judge of Ukraine’ decision on the non-certification of the ability to administer justice, including in the case of stopping the qualification regarding a judge. A separate decision of the Commission in the case provided for in paragraph 2 shall not be accepted.

The Parliament approved the new Laws

The Verkhovna Rada adopted the Law «On Amendments to Article 9 of the Law of Ukraine» On Judicial Collection regarding the creation of conditions for access of persons with disabilities and other less-mobile groups to the premises of courts.

According to the document, court fees are directed to ensuring the architectural accessibility of court premises, the availability of information placed in court, for persons with disabilities and other less-mobile groups of the population.

Also The Verkhovna Rada adopted the Law «On Mine Action in Ukraine».

The law defines the legal basis, objectives and principles, the national interests of Ukraine in the field of mine action, its main components, the list of objects and subjects of mine action, the procedure for their creation, the organizational and procedural principles of activity; requirements for mine action and demining specialists and their responsibilities; sources of financing for mine activities; the procedure for the registration of the mine action’ operators, the provision of assistance to the victims (persons) from explosive objects, the definition of the territories’ status for the needs of the multinational activity; the authority of the mine action quality inspection and the secretariat of the multinational operations center, etc.

The creation of the Single Judicial Information and Telecommunication System was started

On December 1, 2018, the newspaper "Holos Ukrainy" published announcements on the creation and maintenance of the Single Judicial Information and Telecommunication System.

From January 1, 2019, the SJITS’ subsystem will operate in test mode.

The experimental exploitation of the system will emerge from March 1, 2019, with the following subsystems (modules): Single Contact Center of the Judiciary of Ukraine; The Single subsystem management financial and economic processes; official e-mail address (Electronic cabinet); official web-portal «Judiciary of Ukraine», The Single state register of court decisions; subsystem «Electronic Court»; module «Automated Distribution»; Judicial Statistics module.

The Government has approved the procedure of gender legal examination of legislation

The Government has approved a new procedure for conducting a gender legal examination of current legislation, normative legal acts subject to state registration, drafts of normative legal acts, and forms of conclusions.

Such expertise, in particular, is carried out for the comprehensive study of legislation and draft legal acts in the part of their compliance with international treaties of Ukraine and the resolutions of international conferences, international organizations, their human rights bodies regarding observance the principle of equal rights and opportunities for women and men.

Due to its implementation, it prevents the adoption of normative legal acts, the provisions of which do not comply with the principle of equal rights and opportunities for women and men.

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