Ukrainian law

Legal news in Ukraine: Verkhovna Rada completed the work, president introduced new bills, presidential decree on the judicial reform committee, law on the Ukrainian language came into force, new decision of the Constitutional Court

20.07.2019 / 09:30
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Legal news in Ukraine: Verkhovna Rada completed the work, president introduced new bills, presidential decree on the judicial reform committee, law on the Ukrainian language came into force, new decision of the Constitutional Court

The Verkhovna Rada of the eighth convocation finished the work

On July 19, 2019, the Verkhovna Rada of the 8th convocation finished the work of the tenth session, which is the last in this parliamentary term.

The last plenary session of the Verkhovna Rada took place on July 12.

At the same time, the President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy wrote a letter to Andriy Parubiy, the Speaker of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, calling for an extraordinary meeting of the Parliament to consider three laws: on the High Anti-Corruption Court, on fines for owners of «Eurocars» and on liability for illegal enrichment.

Parubiy stated that according to the Constitution of Ukraine it is possible not to convene an extraordinary meeting, but an extraordinary session, and asked to rewrite the letter.

At the same time, Volodymyr Zelenskyy insists on his words and stated that «the refusal of the Speaker of the Verkhovna Rada to call an extraordinary meeting is a criminal inaction».

Let’s recall that on July 21 an extraordinary election to the Ukrainian parliament will take place. It should be added that the powers of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine are terminated on the day of the opening of the first session of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine of the new convocation.

The President introduced two new bills to the Council

President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy introduced two new bills to the Verkhovna Rada, marked as urgent.

The draft Law «On Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine Concerning Confiscation of Unlawful Assets of Persons Authorized to Perform State or Local Government Functions and Penalties for Acquiring Such Assets» (No. 10461) establishes liability for illegal enrichment.

The draft law supplements the Criminal Code of Ukraine with provisions imposing criminal liability for «the person authorized to perform functions of the state or local self-government, assets whose value more than 12 thousand non-taxable minimum incomes of citizens exceeds its legal income».

The Civil Code of Ukraine proposes to define a separate ground for termination of ownership, to determine types of assets that may be recognized as unjustified, and the value limit of such assets (the value of which is 500 and more times the amount of the subsistence minimum for able-bodied persons).

Consideration of such cases is proposed to be attributed to the jurisdiction of the High Anti-Corruption Court.

We should add that this draft duplicates the previous bill of President Zelensky on illegal enrichment No. 10358, which the deputies rejected.

The second draft law «On Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine Concerning the Suspension of the Application of Penalties for Violation of the Procedure for Import of Vehicles into the Customs Territory of Ukraine» (No. 10462) provides for the postponement of fines for 90 days for those who do not have time to go through the customs clearance of the car with a foreign registration.

A presidential decree on the judicial reform committee has come to force

On July 15, 2019, the decree of President Volodymyr Zelenskyy on the Judicial Reform Commission came into force.

The Commission will be established as an advisory body under the President of Ukraine.

The decree simultaneously liquidates the Judicial Reform Council and the Constitutional Commission.

The Commission should make proposals for amending the Constitution of Ukraine and the laws of Ukraine «aimed at ensuring the implementation of constitutional norms and principles, namely, the priority of protecting fundamental human and civil rights and freedoms».

Also among the priority areas of work is the further development of legislation on the organization of the judiciary and the administration of justice, improvement of legislation on criminal liability and criminal procedural legislation of Ukraine, reforming law enforcement agencies.

The Law on the Ukrainian language entered into force

On July 16, 2019, the Law of Ukraine «On ensuring the functioning of the Ukrainian language as the state language» came into force.

The legislative act came into force two months after its publication in the newspaper «Voice of Ukraine». At the same time, a number of norms of the legislative act will come into force in the period from six months to 5 years.

The law provides for the obligatory use of the Ukrainian language in the public space, state and municipal sectors, transport, catering establishments, in the medical field, in education, theatrical performances, dubbing of films, on television, on the Internet, and in print media.

At the same time, the requirement does not apply to personal contact and religious ceremonies.

Ukrainian language should be obligatory to know for: civil servants; deputies of all levels; persons commanding (middle and higher), private, sergeant and foreman of the National Police, other law enforcement and intelligence agencies; officials of other bodies who are assigned special ranks; judges elected or appointed in accordance with the Constitution of Ukraine and administer justice on a professional basis; members and disciplinary inspectors of the High Qualification Commission of Judges of Ukraine; members of the High Council of Justice; lawyers and notaries.

Violation of language legislation will be punished with fines – relevant amendments were made to the Code of Ukraine on administrative violations.

Persons who want to acquire Ukrainian citizenship will pass a state language proficiency test.

The Constitutional Court ruled on the educational law

The Constitutional Court of Ukraine has ruled on the constitutional petition of 48 people’s deputies of Ukraine on the constitutionality of the Law of Ukraine «On Education» of September 5.

It was established that the Law No. 2145-VIII corresponds with the Constitution of Ukraine.

«The Law not only reproduces the content and scope of the constitutional right to education in the language of the relevant national minority, which is defined in part five of Article 53 of the Constitution of Ukraine, but also assumes its implementation in two forms: teaching in the native language (preschool and primary) and learning the native language (at all levels of general secondary education)», – states the court decision.

The Constitutional Court of Ukraine notes that the Law contributes to the full realization of the constitutional right to education, which can be used by representatives of national minorities. The statutory regulation provides for the realization of citizens rights in all spheres of public life, including access to public service and service in local governments.

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