Ukrainian law

Legal news in Ukraine: new decisions of the Constitutional Court, the Law on punishment for abusing the participants of the ATO’ monuments came into force, the order of internship for lawyers has been changed

29.06.2019 / 09:30
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Legal news in Ukraine: new decisions of the Constitutional Court, the Law on punishment for abusing the participants of the ATO’ monuments came into force, the order of internship for lawyers has been changed

The Constitutional Court ruled in the case of measures for suspected of treason

The Constitutional Court of Ukraine made a decision on the case on constitutional complaints regarding the constitutionality of the provision of the fifth paragraph of Article 176 of the Criminal Procedure Code of Ukraine.

By this Decision, the Constitutional Court of Ukraine declared unconstitutional the provision of the fifth paragraph of Article 176 of the Code, which stipulates that preventive measures in the form of personal obligation, personal bail, house arrest, bail cannot be applied to persons suspected or accused of committing crimes under Article 109 -1141, 258-2585, 260, 261 of the Code - that is, those suspected of crimes against the foundations of national security, high treason and terrorism.

«The Constitutional Court of Ukraine proceeded from the fact that a person, his life and health, honor and dignity, integrity and security are recognized in Ukraine as the highest social value; human rights and freedoms and their guarantees determine the content and direction of the state’s activities.

The Constitutional Court of Ukraine believes that the right to liberty and security of person is not absolute and may be limited, but only on the grounds and in the manner determined by the laws of Ukraine. Restriction of the constitutional right to liberty and personal integrity should be exercised in compliance with the constitutional guarantees of the protection of the rights and freedoms of a person and citizen and solely on the basis of a reasoned court decision», states the court.

According to the first part of Article 176 of the Code, measures are personal obligation, personal guarantee, bail, house arrest, detention.

Detention is a strict measure of restraint of all measures provided for by the Code and is «an exceptional measure of restraint that is used only if the prosecutor proves that none of the more lenient measures can prevent the risks provided for in Article 177 of this Code».

The Constitutional Court declared unconstitutional the decision of the government on the acquisition of land ownership

The Constitutional Court of Ukraine made a decision on the case on the constitutional submission on the compliance with the constitutionality of the Government Decree «Some issues of improving management in the use and protection of state-owned agricultural lands and disposing of them» dated June 7, 2017 No. 413 as amended.

This resolution does not comply with the Constitution of Ukraine.

Decree No. 413, in particular, approved the Strategy for the improvement of the management mechanism in the field of use and protection of state-owned agricultural land and its disposal.

The strategy introduced an additional mechanism for determining the area of ​​land plots to be transferred free of charge to the citizens in the territory of the relevant region. In addition, the Strategy established additional features for conducting land tenders, concluding, extending and terminating lease agreements for agricultural land plots of state ownership for use (rent, emphyteusis), that are not provided for by the Land Code, or other laws.

The court found that the strategy does not meet the requirements of part two of article 6, part two of article 8, parts of the first, second, fourth article 13, article 14, part two of article 19, part three of article 41, paragraph 7 of part one of article 92, part three of article 113, part one of Article 117 of the Constitution of Ukraine.

The competition to local courts will be announced next week

The competition for the vacancies of local courts’ judges is scheduled to be announced next week, reported the High Qualification Commission of Judges of Ukraine.

It is worth noting that there are 794 vacant posts in local courts of Ukraine.

At the same time, the High Council of Justice and the State Judicial Administration of Ukraine determined that the temporary number of judges in the new local district courts for 2019 is 4 903.

Let’s recall that the President of Ukraine, by his Decrees No. 412/2017, No. 413/2017 of December 12, 2017, and # 449/2017, # 450/2017, # 451/2017 and No. 453/2017 of December 29, 2017, liquidated and reorganized local courts, and also created new district courts.

The maximum number of judges in the network of local courts, the operation of which was envisaged before the issuance of this decrees, is 6080.

The Law on punishment for abuse over the monuments of the ATO’ participants came into force

On June 27, 2019, the Law of Ukraine «On Amendments to the Code of Ukraine on Administrative Offenses and the Criminal Code of Ukraine regarding liability for illegal actions with regard to state awards, illegal wearing of military uniforms and outrage at the place of burial of the defender of sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine and some other persons».

The law sets out article 186-1 «Illegal actions in relation to state awards» of the Code of Ukraine on Administrative Offenses in the new wording.

The new rule provides that «the purchase, sale, exchange or other paid transfer of an order, medal, badge to an honorary title, as well as their assignment or wearing by an unauthorized person, or illegal storage - entail a warning or a fine from 50 to 100 non-taxable minimum incomes of citizens with confiscation of the relevant order, medal, badge to the honorary title».

The law establishes administrative responsibility for the illegal wearing of military uniforms with signs of distinguishing servicemen of the Armed Forces of Ukraine or other military formations by persons who are not entitled to such rights. For this crime there is a fine in the amount of 150-200 tax-free minimum incomes of citizens.

The requirements for internships of future lawyers have been changed

The Council of Advocates of Ukraine has strengthened the requirements for the quality of lawyers’ training.

The changes will affect both future lawyers and internship managers.

CAU decided to change the regulations on the organization and conduct of internships. The document is supplemented with a new requirement: the trainee must provide a certificate of passing an internship online course to the Regional Advocate's Council.

In addition, courses for internships will be introduced. They will include teaching methods, based on a model of lessons for trainers.

A new course program is planned to be developed by the end of the year.

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